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Pregnancy and oral health

Good oral health is an important part of overall health and it is vital to keep in mind when planning a pregnancy and during pregnancy.

It is important to take care of the health of your teeth and mouth, especially when pregnancy-related matters are topical. The man’s oral health also has an impact on fertility. According to studies, oral infections such as periodontitis can complicate the onset of pregnancy. An oral infection can predispose the woman to various pregnancy complications, such as miscarriage, preeclampsia, premature birth and low birth weight of the child.

Periodontitis may be initially asymptomatic

Periodontitis is a common major endemic that progresses with minor symptoms and destroys the connective tissue of the teeth. Periodontitis causes mild symptoms and the disease can progress far without the patient noticing it. If left untreated, the disease leads to tooth loss, damages the entire dentition and has adverse effects on general health.

Oral infections can flourish during pregnancy when the hormonal changes weaken the resistance of the mouth to plaque accumulating on the tooth surface. The expectant mother’s endocrine system undergoes changes, resulting in acidification of the mouth, i.e. the pH of saliva decreases. Saliva prevents the development of cavities by restoring the pH of the mouth from acidic to normal after eating and by helping to restore the minerals dissolved by acids to the tooth surface. When this restorative effect of saliva is weakened, the risk of tooth decay increases and gingivitis can easily develop into periodontitis.

Effects of oral health on the foetus

The pathogens of periodontitis can pass directly from the mouth through the bloodstream to the foetal placenta area and cause, for example, a remote infection. In addition, oral infections can also indirectly affect the foetus-placenta area if the mother’s body reacts to an infection in the mouth or to a low-grade inflammation in the mother’s body caused by periodontitis.

Because of this, cleaning your teeth regularly and ensuring healthy eating habits is especially important. You should start taking care of your mouth and teeth when planning a pregnancy, at the latest.

In addition, in order to ensure the good development of the child’s teeth, the mother should ensure proper calcium and vitamin D intake and other diverse nutrition during pregnancy according to the instructions of the maternity clinic.

Oral health procedures during pregnancy

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Why Felicitas Mehiläinen

Felicitas Mehiläinen is the leading fertility clinic in Finland providing a wide variety of fertility treatments ranging from basic infertility care to the most advanced IVF technology available today.
Over 30 years of experience has made it possible for the Felicitas Mehiläinen to offer the highest standards of patient care and reproductive health services in a modern and comfortable clinic.
Our doctors and scientists have always been at the forefront of IVF science and development; in fact, our founder, was part of the team involved in the birth of the Finland’s first IVF baby in 1984.
We always remain focused on the individual needs of each and every patient. We always put out patients first, and that is why we work so hard to listen to and treat every patient individually.